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  • Writer's pictureJonathan Stoddard

PEST CONTROL METHODS - A Complete & Comprehensive Guide!

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Discovering a bug infestation in your house is one of life's most skin-crawling and distressing experiences. These bugs are nasty and unpleasant, but they may also cause significant harm to your furniture, clothing, and health.

Maybe you have rodents? Or other pests? We do not have to continue suffering when rats or bugs infest our homes because we have various pest control solutions options.

Measures to Control Pests Naturally

As previously noted, there are numerous pest control methods to select from; however, we can mainly divide them into these categories:

• Hygienic

• Biological

• Chemical

• Physical

• Fumigation

• Fogging

• Heat /steam treatments for pests

Depending upon the severity of the insect infestation and the type of bug, each treatment can eliminate pest infestations to varying degrees of efficacy.

Method# 1 - Hygienic Pest Control Methods

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It is critical to keep your home clean to minimize the risks of an infestation. Pests search areas with an ample food supply and a secure environment for reproduction. Check out the suggestions below to make your home unsuitable to creepy crawlies and rats.

• After eating, wipe down all surfaces.

• Place all food scraps, crumbs, peels, and other debris in the trash can, ideally in a sandwich bag or paper.

• When you are done cooking/eating, wash any used dishes, silverware, utensils, cups, glasses, and pots and pans.

• Clean up food scraps from worktops, tables, floors, and cupboards.

• Make a follow a cleaning routine and stick to it. Do not forget to look behind kitchen appliances and other hard-to-reach places.

• Store food in air-tight containers with a tight seal.

• Ensure that washrooms are clean and thoroughly washed regularly

• Use fly screens to keep insects out of your windows.

• Look for holes and cracks in the internal and external walls, and seal anyone you detect.

Because bugs will quickly return and in huge numbers, if basic house hygiene is neglected, the effects of other pest control methods will be just temporary.

The fact that you keep your home clean will repel most potential pests. Still, some are more resistant and will laugh in the face of your efforts to maintain cleanliness. It is where the other pest control strategies' strength comes into play.

Method# 2 - Biological Pest Control

Because biological control approaches do not rely on pesticides or other chemicals, they can be considered natural remedies. Biological pest control methods take advantage of nature's equilibrium. It can be as simple as importing a natural predator of a specific insect species into your area, which can be very effective.

Predators in the wild

Wild Predators are hardly a cutting-edge pest control strategy. Since the fourth century B.C., people have used natural predators to reduce insect infestations. The fact that this technique is still in use demonstrates how successful it is.

Gardeners who want to control a pest population without chemicals are more likely to employ this method. The employment of ladybugs to prevent or eliminate aphid infestations is one of the most prominent applications of this technology. Introducing high populations of a foreign species to an area, on the other hand, can have the reverse impact.

The enormous cane toad in Australia is the best example of this. This toad was brought into the area to help control the population of cane bugs that were ruining crops. The toads did not have the desired effect on the insect population. Instead, they multiplied wildly and became a severe ecological problem of their own.


Beneficial microorganisms on plants are another common natural pest control strategy gardeners employ. Using microorganisms to control pests is a preventative measure instead of natural predators. In a symbiotic connection with a plant, a beneficial microorganism will protect the plant by repelling pests and killing harmful bacteria and fungi.

Method# 3 - Physical Pest Control Methods

Insect and rodent pests are trapped, killed, and removed using physical pest control procedures. Most of the techniques listed here can be used in your house and garden; however, they are better suited to homesteads and small farms.

Elimination of breeding grounds

Pests like to hide in places that give food and a safe breeding habitat while hunting for a spot to infest. If you eliminate one or both of these reasons, you will have a far better chance of getting rid of bugs. The most excellent approach to keep breeding grounds at bay in your home is to keep them clean, dry, and warm. Pests' housing options in your home will be severely limited if you keep your home hygienic and clean dark, humid regions regularly.

Poison bait

Poison bait is a famous and successful pest management strategy. There are a variety of pest-specific poisons to choose from. Pesticides are usually available in one of two states, i.e., granules, gels, or concentrated powders or liquids. Poisoned bait is placed in places that exhibit symptoms of pest activity, and it is either consumed directly or taken back to the nest, depending on the type.

If you have small children or pets, ensure they do not expose any poisoned areas. If consumed, several commercial toxins can cause significant health problems.

Field burning

Field burning is a standard pest management method employed by farmers worldwide. Fire is utilized to burn away waste and the top layer of soil to eliminate insect populations. Because fire kills beneficial insects and pests and harms soil, pest control has gone out of favor in the past few decades. Another issue is that modern pesticides are now substantially more effective.

Trap cropping

Trap cropping is a pest control approach; a decoy crop is grown to attract the bugs. This method's primary purpose is to trap bugs in the dummy field, making elimination easier. On the other hand, large-scale farmers have discovered this strategy ineffective since pests tend to return to the primary crop. Trap cropping, as a result, may be more effective in small homesteads or as a strategy to keep pests out of a personal food garden.


Traps are used to catch rodents, birds, small animals, and insects and vary in functionality (from basic fly paper to more intricate baited traps). Traps should be placed in regions that exhibit symptoms of pest activity, much like the other methods listed. One of the most significant disadvantages of employing traps is checking them regularly to remove any captured creatures and replace or reset the used traps.

Advantages of Using Natural Methods

• Natural products do not include chemicals that could be hazardous;

• Once natural insect predators have established themselves, your plants will be protected for a long time;

• Insects cannot build up a defense against predators;

• Natural products are frequently eco-friendly.

Drawbacks of Employing Natural Methods

• It can be tough to eradicate an entire insect population.

• Pest populations may expand across a broader area;

• Because the employment of natural predators and microbes is reactive rather than preventive, the infestation has more time to spread.

Method # 4 - Chemical Pest Control Methods

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Chemical pesticides are the most powerful and extensively utilized kind of pest management. Several pesticides are available to fight rodent and insect infestations due to their dependability. Because most pesticides are highly harmful, it is critical to thoroughly understand and follow the directions irrespective of the pesticide being applied.


As the name implies, insecticides are chemical products used to kill insects such as cockroaches, flies, ants, and other pests. The majority of commercially available insecticides are either spray or granule-based; however, both will control pests, they each specialize in a different area.

Granulated pesticides are effective against ants and pests that form nests in difficult-to-reach regions or continuously hunt for food. The granules are mistaken for food and transported back into the nest or consumed. Because the poison usually takes effect quickly, most insects die immediately after eating it.

• Sprays are most effective against flying and biting pests like fleas. Most insects will kill within minutes after coming into touch with a pesticide spray; however, specific resistant bugs may require numerous sprayings before dying.


Rodenticides, sometimes known as rat poison, are highly toxic insecticides. Because rodents are cautious when they come upon an unknown food source, they are far more potent than other insecticides. When consumed, rodenticides are effective against all animals because of their necessity for more significant toxicity. Rat management, as well as cats, dogs, and other scavengers, are all included. Because rat poison is so deadly and can harm other animals, many businesses now prefer to utilize a baited trap box instead of poison pellets. For the same reason that you should always read and follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer when using pesticides, you should do the same with pet and child repellents.

Method #5 - Fogging

Another option for controlling adult flying insects such as mosquitoes, moths, flies, and flying ants is using fogging pest management techniques. A unique ULV fogging equipment is used to apply this approach throughout the affected locations. It is known as ULV (ultra-low volume) because it only spreads a small amount of insecticide.

In addition to being regarded as environmentally safe, the fogging pest control approach is also odorless. It does not leave any residues that are difficult to remove after treatment.

Method #6 - Heat Treatment

Pest management without chemicals is becoming increasingly common in the pest control field.

Flea, bed bugs, and other pest infestations are treated using this approach, effective in many cases. In a heat treatment service, the contaminated region will be slowly heated to a temperature between 131 -140 degrees Fahrenheit. Every step of the insects' development will be eliminated due to the growing temperature (eggs, larvae, and adults). This method is an excellent choice if you have children or pets and do not want to risk spreading poison around your house.

Method #7 - Fumigation

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Fumigation is the only alternative available for pest control and the removal of severe infestations. Your home will be sealed anywhere from 48-72 hours following a fumigation service. A substantial quantity of potent pesticides will be introduced into your home. In addition to killing adult bugs, this procedure will also eliminate any insect eggs or larvae. During the fumigation process, it is not recommended to stay inside due to the severity of pesticides. Before reentering, you must allow the property to air out for at least one to three days depending upon the target pest treated.

Contact us if you have detected any pest activity or a developing infestation in your house. One of our Imperial pest prevention professionals will be happy to offer you a free quotation.

In the case of pest control, choosing between natural and chemical techniques might be a tough decision. We have compiled a list of the advantages and disadvantages of both alternatives to make your decision easier. It will allow you to select the most appropriate way for your particular circumstances.

Advantages of using chemical methods

• Pesticides are reasonably priced;

• Chemical treatments are frequently more effective.

• Chemical pesticides are simple to apply;

• They have a quick reaction time.

Drawbacks of employing chemical method

• Chemical pesticides can cause insects to acquire a natural resistance over time.

• Pesticides can leave residue on plants, harming people's health.

• They are can be highly poisonous if consumed and can pose serious health problems;

• If pesticides are used extensively, groundwater may become contaminated.

Regardless of which approach you use to deal with common pests, keep the following safety precautions while using pesticides.

• Always read, follow, and execute the label instructions provided on the packaging before using a product.

• Select the most appropriate insecticide for the job;

• Only pesticides should be used in areas where pests are present.

• Use only as much pesticide as is necessary;

• Consider spraying during periods of low to no wind.

• Before spraying the insecticide, make sure no other persons or animals are around.

• After the treatment, open all of your doors and windows to allow fresh air into your home and eliminate any residual chemical odors.

• Do not allow any other humans or animals to enter the treated area for the duration of the treatment period specified in the instructions.

We have now completed your guide on the various ways of pest management. With this pest-fighting information in hand, you can confidently take on the most frequent pests that you may come across. For an estimate from one of our pest removal experts, don't hesitate to contact us today via live chat, phone, or email. Let us get rid of your pests while you relax.


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